NATIONAL DEFENSE AUTHORIZATION ACT (NDAA) FOR FISCAL YEAR 2017:
114TH CONGRESS REPORT 2d Session " HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES ! 114–840 defense budget involves millions of military and civilian personnel, thousands of facilities, and hundreds of agencies, departments, and commands located throughout the world. Contingency
operations related to the global war on terrorism will continue to expand the range of topics requiring committee oversight including strategic, operational, and budgetary issues of great scope and complexity.
The committee has jurisdiction over laws, programs, and agencies under permanent authority in numerous titles of the United States Code, including title 10 (Armed Forces), title 32 (National Guard), title 37 (Pay and Allowances of the Uniformed Services), title 41 (Public Contracts), title 42 (Atomic Energy), title 46 (Shipping), and title 50 (War and National Defense)...See more in the full 114th Oversight Plan below.
REFORM AND REBUILD: The Next Steps
NATIONAL DEFENSE AUTHORIZATION ACT FOR FY 2019
The Constitution requires Congress to provide for the common defense, including specific direction to “raise and support Armies,” “provide and maintain a Navy,” and “make Rules for the Government and Regulation of the land and naval Forces.” For 57 years, the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) has been the primary way through which Congress executes this constitutional obligation.
America’s military is facing challenges on multiple fronts, including the troubling increase in serious training accidents in all the military services; the re---emergence of competitors like Russia and China; the nuclear ambitions of Iran and North Korea; and the imperative to keep up the pressure on ISIS, al Qaeda, and other terrorist groups. In his bill for the Fiscal Year (FY) 2019 NDAA, Chairman Thornberry implements new reforms designed to speed decision making and improve military agility, while simultaneously restoring readiness and increasing capability and capacity in a force that has been asked to do too much with too little for too long.
Last year, President Trump prioritized rebuilding the military. He issued a new National Security Strategy, National Defense Strategy, and a Nuclear Posture Review to address a world with a wider spectrum of serious threats than at any time in our history. The FY19 NDAA focuses rebuilding efforts on implementing these new strategies.
The bill is the result of rigorous bipartisan oversight, numerous visits with troops and facilities across the country and around the world, and the testimony of Secretary Mattis, Chairman Dunford, and other senior commanders and national security experts.
In supporting Secretary Mattis’ efforts to restore military readiness, the NDAA authorizes $18.6 billion to begin to rehabilitate and replace worn out Army equipment; $39.5 billion to begin to overcome the crisis in military aviation by getting more aircraft in the air;
HOUSE ARMED SERVICES COMMITTEE 202.225.2539 1
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$ 36.0 billion to restore America’s strength at sea, and $23.3 billion to sustain, repair and rebuild crumbling military buildings and other infrastructure.
U.S. SENATE ARMED SERVICES COMMITTEE
U.S. Senator John McCain,
Chairman U.S. Senator Jack Reed, Ranking Member
For 54 consecutive years, the Senate Armed Services Committee has fulfilled its duty of producing the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA). This vital piece of legislation authorizes the necessary funding and provides authorities for our military to defend the nation. And it is a reflection of its critical importance to our national security that the NDAA is one of few bills in Congress that continues to enjoy bipartisan support year after year.
The men and women of our Armed Forces – as well as the civilians and contractors who support them – have worked honorably and courageously to address the diverse and complex array of challenges to our national security, often at great personal risk and significant sacrifice to themselves and their families. The committee, Congress, and the American people owe them a debt of gratitude for this service.
The National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 continues the committee’s commitment to defense reforms that enable our military to rise to the challenges of a more dangerous world both today and in the future.
• Ensures the long-term viability of the All-Volunteer force by sustaining the quality of life of the men and women of the total force (Active Duty, National Guard, and Reserves) and their families, as well as Department of Defense civilian personnel, through fair pay, policies, and comprehensive reform of the military health system.
• Ensures that our men and women in uniform have the advanced equipment they need to succeed in future combat against technologically sophisticated adversaries, in the most efficient and effective manner that provides best value to the taxpayers.
• Reduces strategic risk to the nation and our military servicemembers by prioritizing the restoration the military’s readiness to conduct the full range of its assigned missions as soon as possible.
• Addresses shortfalls in strategic integration at the Department of Defense identified by the committee’s review of the Goldwater-Nichols Act by improving and sustaining the alignment of effort and resources across different regions, functions, and domains.
• Continues a comprehensive reform of the defense acquisition system designed to drive innovation and ensure accountability for delivering military capabilities to our warfighters on time, on budget, and as promised.
• Reduces excessive and wasteful spending to ensure every defense dollar is spent wisely.
• Enhances the capability of the U.S. Armed Forces and the security forces of allied and friendly nations to defeat ISIL, al Qaeda, and other violent extremist organizations.
• Advances our ability to establish deterrence and defend our allies and partners in Eastern Europe and the Asia-Pacific.
• Improves the ability of the Armed Forces to counter emerging and nontraditional threats, focusing on terrorism, cyber warfare, and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and their means of delivery.
Providing for the Common Defense
The NDAA authorizes funding at the level of the President’s fiscal year 2017 budget request, and includes $602 billion of discretionary spending for national defense – $543 billion for base functions in the Department of Defense and for nuclear functions within the Department of Energy and $59 billion for Overseas Contingency Operations funding for the Defense Department. Similar to the President’s budget submission, $5 billion of the Overseas Contingency Operations funding supports functions traditionally supported through the base budget.
As the nation confronts the most diverse and complex array of security challenges since the end of War II, the nation simply cannot afford to waste defense dollars. Through rigorous oversight, the committee identified $3 billion in targeted savings and redirected those funds toward critical needs of our warfighters. Given the concerning testimony the committee received from the nation’s top military commanders, the committee emphasized restoring military readiness, authorizing an increase of $2 billion for additional training, depot maintenance, and weapons sustainment.
While the committee believes this is a positive step in the right direction, these additions were not enough to address the nearly $23 billion in unfunded requirements identified by the military services, almost $7 billion of which alone were considered readiness-related. Artificial budget constraints created by the Budget Control Act of 2011 (BCA) and modified by the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2015 (BBA) have limited the committee’s ability to authorize a strategy-based level of defense funding demanded by the threats facing the nation and the ever-growing demands they impose on our military service members. The committee continues to urge the Congress to lift these artificial budget constraints and end the threat of sequestration to give our war fighters the resources, training, and equipment they need and deserve.