The Procurement Integrity Act:

The Procurement Integrity Act (PIA), 41 U.S.C. §§ 2101-07, implemented at Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) Part 3.104

  • Passed in 1988 in response to a defense contracting fraud investigation called “Operation III wind.”

  • Four basic provisions:

  1. Prohibits Disclosing Procurement Information

  2. Prohibits Obtaining Procurement Information

  3. Reporting Requirement for Agency Official Contacted by Offeror or Offeror Concerning Possible Non-Federal Employment

  4. Prohibits Former Official's Acceptance of Compensation from Contractor

Prohibition on Disclosing Procurement Information (FAR 3.104-3(a)

  • “Except as provided by law, a person described in paragraph (3) shall not knowingly disclose contractor bid or proposal information or source selection information before the award of a Federal agency procurement contract to which the information relates.” 41 U.S.C. § 2102(a)(1).

  • “Paragraph (1) applies to a person that

    • (A)(i) is a present or former official of the Federal Government; or

    • (ii) is acting or has acted for or on behalf of, or who is advising or has advised the Federal Government with respect to, a Federal agency procurement; and –

    • (B) by virtue of that office, employment, or relationship has or had access to contractor bid or proposal information or source selection information.” 41 U.S.C. § 2102(a)(3).


FAR 3.000 Scope of part.

This part prescribes policies and procedures for avoiding improper business practices and personal conflicts of interest and for dealing with their apparent or actual occurrence.

Subpart 3.1—Safeguards

3.101 Standards of conduct.

3.101-1 General.

Government business shall be conducted in a manner above reproach and, except as authorized by statute or regulation, with complete impartiality and with preferential treatment for none. Transactions relating to the expenditure of public funds require the highest degree of public trust and an impeccable standard of conduct. The general rule is to avoid strictly any conflict of interest or even the appearance of a conflict of interest in Government-contractor relationships. While many Federal laws and regulations place restrictions on the actions of Government personnel, their official conduct must, in addition, be such that they would have no reluctance to make a full public disclosure of their actions.

3.101-2 Solicitation and acceptance of gratuities by Government personnel.

As a rule, no Government employee may solicit or accept, directly or indirectly, any gratuity, gift, favor, entertainment, loan, or anything of monetary value from anyone who (a) has or is seeking to obtain Government business with the employee’s agency, (b) conducts activities that are regulated by the employee’s agency, or (c) has interests that may be substantially affected by the performance or nonperformance of the employee’s official duties. Certain limited exceptions are authorized in agency regulations.

3.101-3 Agency regulations.

(a) Agencies are required by Executive Order 11222 of May 8, 1965, and 5 CFR 735 to prescribe “Standards of Conduct.” These agency standards contain—

(1) Agency-authorized exceptions to 3.101-2; and

(2) Disciplinary measures for persons violating the standards of conduct.

(b) Requirements for employee financial disclosure and restrictions on private employment for former Government employees are in Office of Personnel Management and agency regulations implementing Public Law 95-521, which amended 18 U.S.C. 207.